WISDOM OF THE EAST, HINDU GODS AND HEROES, STUDIES IN THE HISTORY OF THE RELIGION OF INDIA Lionel D. Barnett

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WISDOM OF THE EAST, HINDU GODS AND HEROES, STUDIES IN THE HISTORY OF THE RELIGION OF INDIA  by  Lionel D. Barnett

WISDOM OF THE EAST, HINDU GODS AND HEROES, STUDIES IN THE HISTORY OF THE RELIGION OF INDIA by Lionel D. Barnett
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PREFACEThe following pages are taken from the Forlong Bequest lectures whichI delivered in March last at the School of Oriental Studies. Owing toexigencies of space, much of what I then said has been omitted here,especially with regard to theMorePREFACEThe following pages are taken from the Forlong Bequest lectures whichI delivered in March last at the School of Oriental Studies. Owing toexigencies of space, much of what I then said has been omitted here,especially with regard to the worship of Siva- but enough remains tomake clear my general view, which is that the religion of the Aryansof India was essentially a worship of spirits--sometimes spirits ofreal persons, sometimes imaginary spirits--and that, although in earlydays it provisionally found room for personifications of naturalforces, it could not digest them into Great Gods, and therefore theyhave either disappeared or, if surviving, remain as mere Struldbrugs.Thus I am a heretic in relation to both the Solar Theory and theVegetation Theory, as everyone must be who takes the trouble to studyHindu nature without prejudice.L.

D. B._May 29, 1922._* * * * *CONTENTSI. THE VEDIC AGE:Popular Religion, p. 9--Rig-veda and priestly religion, p.11--Dyaus-Zeus, p. 14--Ushas, p. 18--Surya, p. 19--Savita, p.19--Mitra and Varuna, p. 19--Agni, p. 22--Soma, p. 23--Indra, p.25--The Asvins, p. 35--Vishnu, p. 37--Rudra-Siva, p. 42--Summary, p.42.II.

THE AGE OF THE BRAHMANAS:Growth of Brahman influence in expanding Aryan society, p. 45--Systemof priestly doctrine: theory of Sacrifice and mechanical control ofnature thereby, p. 48--Its antinomianism: partly corrected by thegrowing cult of Rudra-Siva, p. 53--The Upanishads: their relation tothe Brahmanas, p. 59--Brahma the Absolute, p. 60--Karma-Samsara, p.63--Results: Saiva Theism, p. 65--Krishna: early history and legends,p. 66--Teachings, p. 68.III. THE EPICS, AND LATER:I. The Great War and the Pandavas, p. 70--Vishnu-Krishna, p.74--Narayana, p. 76--Bhagavad-gita and Narayaniya, p.

77--Growth ofchurch of Vishnu-Krishna, p. 79--Worship of Pandavas, p. 92--Newerotic and romantic Krishnaism, p. 94.II. Rama: legend of Rama and constitution of Ramayana, p. 98.III. Some later Preachers, p. 103--Religions of Vishnu-Krishna andSiva in Southern India, p. 103--Samkara Acharya, p. 105--Ramanuja, p.107--Nimbarka, Madhva, Vallabha, p. 108--Jnanadeva, p. 109--Nama-deva,p.

109--Tukaram, p. 109--Ramananda, p. 110--Tulsi Das, p. 110--Kabir,p. 110--Nanak, p. 110--Chaitanya, p. 110.IV. Brahma and the Trimurti, p. 111--Dattatreya, p. 114.V. Two Modern Instances, p. 116.CONCLUSION.



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